Mask carving and Fasnacht in Sarganserland


Category:
Traditional craftsmanship
  • Social practices
Canton:

Description

The Sarganserland is known in the wider region as a centre of Fasnacht. In the ‘Fifth Season’, traditional wooden masks can be seen at parades and other events. The carving and wearing of wooden masks during Fasnacht is a popular and time-honoured tradition here. While Fasnacht used to be celebrated mainly in the streets and in taverns, in recent times large masked balls and Guggenmusik concerts have been added to the carnival processions.

An important component of Fasnacht of the past, whether it took place indoors or outdoors, was making fun of authorities and village personalities. Village life was portrayed in plays and other pranks were afoot. Local characters with prominent features or behavioural quirks were caricatured with carved wooden masks.

The custom of mask carving was first introduced in the Sarganserland region at the start of the 19th century. Migrant workers brought this craft to the region. Until the 1930s, the wooden masks in the Sarganserland were mainly character masks. Later, scary, demon and devil masks also became customary. The variations on witch masks that are prevalent today can be traced back to the older ‘Wiibli’ (old-maid) masks.

After the Second World War, there was a boom in the wood-carving industry, which continues to this day. This has resulted in increased production of both imitations of old masks and creative new designs. Flums developed into the centre for mask-carving, and its carvers created masks that achieved renown far beyond the region's borders. The newly established wood-carvers' associations make a vital contribution to the preservation of the carving tradition in the Sarganserland. At present, there are some sixty active amateur wood-carvers in the Sarganserland region.

Image gallery

  • «Di Alt», the main figure of the «Fasnachtsgesellschaft Walenstadt», dated to the year 1832 © Schnitzer: Paul Mannhart, Berschis
  • «D’Chrottni», Flums village original since 1890 © Schnitzer: Bruno Bless, Flums, 2006
  • «Dr Böllni», main figure of the Mels Fasnacht © Schnitzer: Linus Honegger, Mels
  • «Dr Melser Rölli», main figure of the Mels Fasnacht since 1920 © Schnitzer: Alois Tschirky, Mels
  • «Silberfuchs» (silver fox), main figure of the «Murg Fasnachtsgesellschaft» since 1928 © Schnitzer: Hans Bartholet, Flumserberg, 1994/95
  • «Dr Langnasni» (the Longnose), traditional character mask from Flums © Schnitzer: Giovanni Testi, Flums
  • «Dr Finstergugger», Flums village original since the 1940s © Schnitzer: Niggi Stoop, Flums, 2005
  • «Schwarzer Engel» (black angel), Flums mask group since 1954 © Schnitzer: Hugo Reichlin, Flums
  • «Wiigeischt», mask group from Walenstadt in existence since 1998 © Schnitzer: Max Tschus, Walenstadt
  • «Sardona-Tüüfel» (Sardona devil), mask group from Pfäfers in existence since 2003 © Schnitzer: Max Tschus, Walenstadt
  • «Dr Tüüfel» (the devil), individual mask © Schnitzer: Marcus Deflorin, Flums, 2006
  • «S’Zahnärztli» (the dentist), fantasy mask © Schnitzer: Bruno Bless, Flums, 2007
  • «Der Löwe», (the lion), fantasy mask © Schnitzerin: Heidi Walter, Reichenburg, Kanton Schwyz, 2011
  • Popular justice with self-appointed criminal judge at the Flums street carnival. Around 1930.
  • Street carnival around 1927
  • Flums street carnival with a group of masked participants in used 'Huttlen', 1913
  • «Di Alt», the main figure of the «Fasnachtsgesellschaft Walenstadt», dated to the year 1832 © Schnitzer: Paul Mannhart, Berschis
  • «D’Chrottni», Flums village original since 1890 © Schnitzer: Bruno Bless, Flums, 2006
  • «Dr Böllni», main figure of the Mels Fasnacht © Schnitzer: Linus Honegger, Mels
  • «Dr Melser Rölli», main figure of the Mels Fasnacht since 1920 © Schnitzer: Alois Tschirky, Mels
  • «Silberfuchs» (silver fox), main figure of the «Murg Fasnachtsgesellschaft» since 1928 © Schnitzer: Hans Bartholet, Flumserberg, 1994/95
  • «Dr Langnasni» (the Longnose), traditional character mask from Flums © Schnitzer: Giovanni Testi, Flums
  • «Dr Finstergugger», Flums village original since the 1940s © Schnitzer: Niggi Stoop, Flums, 2005
  • «Schwarzer Engel» (black angel), Flums mask group since 1954 © Schnitzer: Hugo Reichlin, Flums
  • «Wiigeischt», mask group from Walenstadt in existence since 1998 © Schnitzer: Max Tschus, Walenstadt
  • «Sardona-Tüüfel» (Sardona devil), mask group from Pfäfers in existence since 2003 © Schnitzer: Max Tschus, Walenstadt
  • «Dr Tüüfel» (the devil), individual mask © Schnitzer: Marcus Deflorin, Flums, 2006
  • «S’Zahnärztli» (the dentist), fantasy mask © Schnitzer: Bruno Bless, Flums, 2007
  • «Der Löwe», (the lion), fantasy mask © Schnitzerin: Heidi Walter, Reichenburg, Kanton Schwyz, 2011
  • Popular justice with self-appointed criminal judge at the Flums street carnival. Around 1930.
  • Street carnival around 1927
  • Flums street carnival with a group of masked participants in used 'Huttlen', 1913

Video

Sarganserland mask museum Flums © TVO AG, Tele Ostschweiz, St. Gallen, 2012

References and documentation

Publications
  • Albert Bärtsch: Sarganserländer Holzmasken. Fasnachtsbrauchtum. Mels, 1990

  • Albert Bärtsch: Holzmasken. Fastnachts- und Maskenbrauchtum in der Schweiz, in Süddeutschland und Österreich. Aarua, 1993

  • Alois Senti: Das Land in Fest und Brauch. In: Sarganserland 1483-1983. Ed. Sargangserländer Talgemeinschaft. Mels, 1983, p. 233-290

Documentation